While visiting Beijing in 1970, Sihanouk was ousted by a military coup led by Prime Minister General Lon Nol and Prince Sisowath Sirik Matak in the early hours of March 18, 1970. On October 9, the Cambodian monarchy was abolished, and the country was renamed the Khmer Republic. The new regime immediately demanded that the Vietnamese communists leave Cambodia, however, Vietnam rejected. American tr
The Khmer Republic's leadership was plagued by disunity among its three principal figures: Lon Nol, Sihanouk's cousin Sirik Matak, and National Assembly leader In Tam. In 1972, a constitution was adopted, a parliament elected, and Lon Nol became president.
The Communist Party of Kampuchea forces became stronger and more independent of their Vietnamese patrons. By 1973, the CPK were fighting battles against government forces with little or no North Vietnamese troop support, and they controlled nearly 60% of Cambodia's territory and 25% of its population. People’s lives at that time were very painful and miserable.
On New Year's Day 1975, Communist troops launched an offensive which, in 117 days of the hardest fighting of the war, collapsed the Khmer Republic. The Lon Nol government in Phnom Penh surrendered on April 17, 1975, just five days after the US mission evacuated Cambodia.
There was a few of evidences of human occupation of this period. However, through quartz and quartzite pebble tools found in terraces along the Mekong River, we can partly imagine how people lived...
The first kingdom of Cambodia - Funan existed from the 1st century to 630 located in the Mekong River Delta of Vietnam and the southern part of Cambodia today.
From the 15th to 19th century was the dark age of Khmer Kingdom when the land continued to be narrowed. Angkor was invaded and destroyed several times.
In 1863, King Norodom signed an agreement with the French to establish a protectorate over his kingdom. The state gradually came under French colonial rule.
Neutrality was the central element of Cambodian foreign policy during the 1950s and 1960s. By the mid-1960s, parts of Cambodia's eastern provinces were serving as bases for North Vietnamese Army...
It could be considered as the most miserable and darkest time of Cambodian history. CPK continued carrying out inappropriate policies of ending the entire urban population into the countryside to...